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People queue up to see Maoist weaponry October 31, 2005

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Tuesday November 1 2005 00:00 IST


RAIPUR: Rocket launchers, tiffin bombs, landmines and other sophisticated weaponry seized from the Maoists are the hot draw at an exhibition here to celebrate Chhattisgarh’s fifth anniversary.

For the first time in the 30 years since Maoist guerrillas gained ground, people have an opportunity to view rebel arms and literature at close hand. And crowds are queuing up at the Science College grounds, where the government has put up an exhibition its foundation – Nov 1, 2000 when it was carved out of Madhya Pradesh.

While all state government departments and leading business houses like Tata Steel have put up their stalls, the biggest attraction is the home department pavilion.

“We decided to put dangerous arms and ammunition seized from guerrillas by police during for public display at this year’s foundation anniversary function to let people know how the rebels are equipped and how they have foreign connections,” Home Minister Ramvichar Netam told IANS.

Some of the arms carry a Pakistan-made mark too.

“The decision to brief people about Maoists’ foreign connections and their terror network is aimed at seeking public support for police battling the guerrillas and the people of Bastar region, who revolted against Maoists this year in June,” Netam added.

Rebels have strong presence in eight of Chhattisgarh’s 16 districts

Maoists not a terrorist organization: ICG October 31, 2005

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2005-10-31 19:17:27

NLN Correspondent, KATHMANDU:

Despite the Maoist rebels’ brutality and violence, there can be no resolution of Nepal’s conflict without confronting their strengths and tackling their political agenda, according to International Crisis Group (ICG).
In its latest report, ICG states: Through both force of arms and force of ideas, the Maoists have emerged as a formidable political organisation. They have been more successful than anyone envisaged, and their movement will not be easily displaced.
The ICG report entitled Nepal’s Maoists: Their Arms and Strategy examines the insurgency in detail and offers insight into dealing with it. “Whatever the outcome of their armed insurgency, they have changed politics irrevocably”, the report quotes Rhoderick Chalmers, Deputy Director of Crisis Group’s South Asia Project.
The Maoists have brought into sharp focus the failures of past gestures towards land reform, ethnic, caste and gender equality and regional issues, social and economic iniquities and decades of failed development, the report argues. Most visibly and painfully, however, they have successfully demonstrated that Nepali society does indeed contain a capacity for violence that can be turned to political ends.
They have employed force since the start of their armed campaign in 1996, including torture, execution and other forms of violence. But they have also been more restrained than many insurgent groups.
The Maoists are not the next Khmer Rouge, nor are they a terrorist organisation that refuses to talk, the report says. They have limited civilian casualties and also left the economy functional, if weakened. There are encouraging signs that serious negotiations will be possible, but the Maoists will rejoin mainstream politics only if they see sufficient advantages in it and are convinced they will not make greater gains by other means.
“The unilateral three-month ceasefire announced by the Maoists in September 2005 is welcome, though temporary and conditional,” the report quotes Robert Templer, Director of Crisis Group’s Asia Program. “Now the Maoists will have to work hard to convince mainstream parties they can fully abandon their violent repression. The government’s refusal to reciprocate the ceasefire, however, only encourages renewal of the conflict”.
Behaviour towards the newly established United Nations human rights mission will be a crucial test of Maoist attitudes and capacities, the report states. “If they can prove they are ready for peace and capable of implementing a negotiated settlement, the political mainstream will be ready to deal with them. Judging by widespread popular relief following the September 2005 ceasefire, Nepal’s people would back a reasonable compromise that delivers peace.”

UP:Naxal issue can be solved by ensuring equality says Yadav October 31, 2005

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Lucknow, Oct 31 (PTI) The naxalite problem in the country can only be solved by removing inequalities in society, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav today said.
“Bullet is not the answer to the naxalite problem…It can only be solved by ensuring equality in society,” he said after launching the ‘Bhumi Sena’ scheme at Sarathua village near here.

He said under the scheme barren and unused lands would be distributed among the landless ensuring increase in production of food grains besides providing more avenue of employment to marginal farmers.

On the occasion, Yadav handed over land ownership papers to 54 landless people in the village.

Expressing concern at decreasing food grain production in the country over the last four-five years, the Chief Minister said the scheme would ensure increase in foood grain production.

He also said that distribution of land among landless would go a long a way in resolving the naxalite problem. PTI PAN KKS DV 10311708 DEL

Hail Manmohan! The weakest ever PM of Bharat ! October 31, 2005

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The following poem is dedicated to the weakest ever Prime Minister of Bharat, Shri Manmohan Singh, written in the backdrop of the serial blasts in New Delhi on 10/29. Instead of sending across strong and clear statements with the much needed punch and vigor, he went around preaching peace and calmness to our own people. It is really high time Bharat gets rid of such weaklings holding top positions and controlling the lives of more than one billion people. I was just motivated to pen down a few lines although I am far from being a poet. So kindly excuse me for any poetical mistakes.

Yours in Dharma

Amogh Shaikh

Hail Manmohan! The weakest ever PM of Bharat !

It was the fateful evening of 10/29
Men, women & children all dressed in fine
Roaming, laughing & giggling happily
Preparing for the great fest Diwali

Came upon them a bolt from the blue
There was panic everywhere without a clue
One by one three explosions sounded
Leaving behind countless dead and wounded.

“Congratulation” & “Jubilation” shouted the Jehadis
And our weak kneed PM Manmohan talks of Peace

A beautiful, joyful evening was cruelly shattered
But “peace talks’ with the enemies was all that mattered
The secular media with all its gimmicks
Reported the incident with their usual tricks

“We condemn terrorism”, they all stated indifferently
While our citizens were blown up mercilessly
Anti-national communists too were quick to denounce
After giving funds to POK for more terrorists to pounce

“Celebration” & ‘Elation” filled up the Jehadis
And our weak kneed PM Manmohan talks of Peace

This happened before & will happen again
The blood of our people spilled in vain
For the safety & security of our motherland
We now need a leader with an iron hand

Its time to have clarity of ideas & thought
Without which this Dharam Yudh cannot be fought
So brothers & sisters, Wake up! Arise! Unite! & Fight!
Eradicate & eliminate the enemies with all our might

With powerful shouts of “Vande Mataram” scare these Jehadis
And remove this PM Manmohan before he again talks of Peace

Bail for Maoist ‘rebel’ October 31, 2005

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Siliguri, Oct. 30: A social activist arrested for Maoist links and accused of waging war against the state has obtained bail for Rs 52 after police failed to chargesheet him in 90 days.

The police had linked De- bashis Chakraborty, 35, who was held in July and is associated with the Siliguri Welfare Organisation and Association for Protection of Democratic Rights, with the CPI (Maoist). Today, they said the probe is still on. On being freed, Chakraborty accused the police of pressuring him to confess to crimes he had not committed.

Two Minors Recruited by Maoists Give In October 31, 2005

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THT Online
Dhading, October 31

Two minors from Chitwan Kaule, who say they were forcibly recruited by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) surrendered to the district administration office on Sunday.
Fourteen-year-old Som Bahadur BK, alias Prabah and 15-year old Hira BK, alias Ranjit, of Kaule VDC-9 gave in to the chief district officer of Dhading, Rewati Raman Pokhrel. The Maoists had abducted them when they were in the jungle to cut grass for their cattle four months ago, the duo said. Som Bahadur was studying in grade five in the local Orlyangdevitar primary school while Hira never went to school.
They were being used as porters, cook and wood cutters in the Maoist camp, the duo said.
They first went to surrender to the unified security base camp at Dhading’s Jogimara from where they were sent to the local administration, they said.
They further said the Maoists lured them saying they would have a comfortable life once they start working for them.

Out of jail, activist lists ‘plotters’ October 31, 2005

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– Freed on bail of Rs 55, imprisoned NGO worker smells conspiracy by police and govt
Debashis Chakraborty after his release on Saturday. Picture by Diptendu Dutta

Siliguri, Oct. 30: Social activist Debashis Chakraborty today said his arrest on the basis of “trumped up” charges was an attempt to malign Siliguri Welfare Organisation (SWO) and Association for Protection of Democratic Rights (APDR), the two NGOs that he has been closely associated with.

A day after the Siliguri chief judicial magistrate’s court granted him bail, Chakraborty told reporters here that at no stage in his 14-year long association with the two organisations has he indulged in any sort of anti-national activity. “Urban development minister Asok Bhattacharya has called me an anti-national, but he should have thought twice (before levelling such serious charges),” said the 35-year-old activist.

Chakraborty was arrested from his Hyderpara office on July 29 and booked under Sections 121, 121(a) and 121(b) of the Indian Penal Code for “waging war against the state.” He was granted bail after the police failed to file a chargesheet against him within the stipulated 90-day period.

Flanked by his colleagues from the APDR and SWO, a sombre-looking Chakraborty accused the police, including the officers of the Intelligence agencies, of applying tremendous mental pressure on him to admit to guilt which he did not commit. “I had gone to Nepal in 1994 on a tour. The superintendent of police (Darjeeling) accused me of going there to meet Maoist leaders,” he alleged.

Regarding police allegations that he had helped Maoists secure access to medical facilities in Siliguri, the social activist said it is a credo of the two organisations not to ask for people’s antecedents when they come to seek help. “I am not denying I have taken people to nursing homes, but that was part of my job as a social worker,” said Chakraborty.

Not satisfied with the bail given to Chakraborty, the APDR and SWO have decided to continue with the agitation until the case against him is dropped completely. “He has been granted bail. But the case is yet to be withdrawn,” said A. Bhaduri, SWO secretary.

He also blamed the Left Front government, particularly the CPM, of arresting Chakraborty to create pressure on the NGOs. “His getting bail, that too for Rs 55, after being booked under very stringent provisions of the law proves us right.”

Crack team will take on Red Terror October 31, 2005

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Anupam Dasgupta
Wednesday, October 26, 2005 21:17 IST

The Maharashtra government will soon set up an exclusive force — Special Action Group (SAG) — to tackle Naxalite threat in the six-affected districts in the eastern part of the state.

Director General of Police (DGP) PS Pasricha said the SAG would be formed, for the first time, out of the Maharashtra police to counter the growing Naxalite menace.

Alarmed by reports indicating a 15 per cent rise in incidents of violence triggered by Naxalites after 2003 (the deadliest one was when seven policemen and a civilian were killed in a landmine blast on Deori-Chinchgad Road in Gondia in May 2005), mostly concentrated on the eastern fringes of the state bordering Andhra Pradesh, the state government has finally okayed the formation of the special unit.

Pasricha said, “We have secured the necessary sanction to set up a Special Action Group (SAG) to effectively deal with the Maoist-Naxalite threat. The task force will be set up soon.’’

Parallel efforts are on to revamp the existing intelligence gathering mechanism to combat the crisis, Pasricha added.

Security experts feel that formation of the special task force is a clear proof of the fact that the government has finally waken up to the growing ‘Red Terror’ and is willing to harness available resources at its disposal.

Government reports show that Gadchiroli, Chandrapur, Gondiya, Yavatmal, Bhandara and Nanded are “Naxalite-Maoist prone areas”.

Earlier, the government had created the post of an officer of the rank of an inspector general (IG Anti-Naxalite Operations) based in Nagpur to spearhead anti-extremist programmes.

It is learnt that the government is more concerned about inroads made by them into the state.

Deputy chief minister RR Patil had also mooted the idea of a “socio-economic package” for villagers sometime back.

A senior home department official said, “We are worried about the Naxalite threat. We don’t want them to repeat what they had succeeded doing in Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, parts of West Bengal and Chhattisgarh.”

A chronology of the 10 most recent blasts in India October 31, 2005

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The following incidents are he 10 most recent bomb blasts that caused fatalities in India – all taking place over a period of just over five months.

October 29 New Delhi: At least 61 people were killed and 188 injured when three bombs exploded in the Indian capital New Delhi, officials said. Most of the deaths occurred at a market where the blast caused gas cylinders used by stall keepers to explode.

October 8 New Delhi: An explosion believed to have been set by Maoist rebels killed 12 policemen in the eastern Indian state of Jharkand, a police officer said. Authorities said they suspected Maoist rebels.

September 29 Srinagar: Seven people died and 20 were injured when a grenade exploded outside a shopping mall in Indian Kashmir, the army said.

September 4 New Delhi: At least 24 paramilitary soldiers were killed in a powerful landmine blast triggered by suspected Maoist rebels in eastern India, a federal minister said. The three-decade-old conflict has claimed thousands of lives.

August 12 Guwahati: One person died and six others were badly hurt in a grenade attack by rebels in India’s insurgency-racked northeast, the latest in a wave of attacks ahead of India’s August 15 Independence Day.

August 7 Guwahati: Rebels in India’s northeastern state of Assam blasted an oil pipeline killing four people, police said.

July 28 Lucknow: An explosion ripped through a long distance passenger train in northern India killing 12 people. The type of explosive used in the blast had been used by Islamic militants and by separatist rebels.

July 20 Srinagar: A car bomb claimed by Islamic rebels exploded in the heart of Indian Kashmir’s summer capital Srinagar, killing four soldiers and a civilian and injuring 21 other people, police and medical sources said.

June 24 Srinagar: Nine Indian soldiers were killed and 17 wounded when a powerful car bomb exploded as a bus carrying troops drove past a popular tourist attraction in revolt-hit Indian Kashmir, officials said.

May 22 New Delhi: One person was killed and 49 were wounded when blasts rocked two cinemas in New Delhi that were screening a controversial film condemned by Sikhs, police said. afp

Princess Shrestha: Maoists Pressure On The People October 31, 2005

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Monday, 31 October 2005, 12:45 pm
Opinion: Guest Opinion
Maoists Put Pressure On The People

Hundreds of security personnel’s kin are displaced by the Maoists, but the human rights organisations remain silent.
PRINCESS SHRESTHA writes from Kathmandu

Maoists in Nepal are utilizing their self-announced ceasefire to pressurize the government, by forcing hundreds of family members of security personnel to go to district administrative offices and ask the government either to discharge their kin from security services, or reciprocate to the rebels’ unilateral ceasefire.

Those who fail to fulfill the Maoists’ wishes are obliged to pay compensation anything between Nepali rupees 50,000 to 300,000. In such a case, the rebels also threaten the poor people that their houses will be burnt down. At least members of 400 families from 35 Village Development Committees (VDCs) in Baitadi, a remote far-western district, have arrived the district headquarters holding Maoists-given banners, placards and letters, which read the slogans: “No war, but ceasefire; Stop killing poor sons and brothers; Start reconciliation; Brothers serving in royal forces come back home.”

“378 people have already reported at the Chief District Office and we hear more people are coming,” the chief district officer Bhanu Dev Badu confirmed to the Probe News Magazine’s correspondent. The administration is trying to convince people stating that frequent security patrols will be sent to their villages in order to chase the notorious rebels, but the efforts are turning futile. Kith and kin of security personnel are too scared to return.

“My two sons are in the Armed Police Force. They (Maoist rebels) tell me to bring both of my sons back home otherwise they have said they will burn down my house. They have already abducted my daughter and are seeking my daughter in law; there is a lot of pain…” said Dairi Bishwokarma, a 60 year old woman before she broke down.

Cases are different, but the pain given by Maoists to those families is the same. Deepak Chand left his house at the midnight of 28 September because the Maoists were seeking him to be punished. His crime? He had two brothers serving in the Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) and he had also helped five boys from his village called Grihejeda in their efforts to join the army. “All those young men and their families were beaten up once the boys had returned to village after appearing in their tests for recruitment recently,” recalled Chand. RNA conducts such tests for new recruits in Kathmandu as well as in various security installations in districts.

Chand added, “The Maoists tortured the boys and their family when they were asleep at night. Though I had been hiding from them since few days then, I came to know that they were searching for me frantically. I thought it wouldn’t be good to stay back, so together with my family, I left in the dark of the night with a mere rupees 2000, half of which was finished when I had reached to Dehemandu.”

Now, he lives in Mahendranagar in a rented room with his mother, wife and a four-year-old son. According to the international non-governmental organizations including United Nations’ jargon: Chand and his family members are Internally Displaced People (IDPs). Though there is no official data, tens of thousands of people are believed to have become IDPs in similar way due to Maoist conflict. While many thousands have left the country, and migrated across southern border to live in Indian towns, a large number of IDPs are living in various places across the country.

Chand, who had come to the district headquarters in order to get the migration document to continue to live in Mahendranagar, narrated his story to Probe’s correspondent over telephone. He further recalled, “The rebels wanted me to work as their village committee’s chief and I couldn’t do that. They raided my house when I had called my brother to get him married in village a few months back. As a result, he had to return from the half of his way to home.”

How does it feel when you have to leave your house, your cattle, and the land, which you have nurtured throughout your life? Such is the case of 55-year-old Padam Bahadur Sanduk, who hails from Bishalpur VDC. His son is a policeman and serving in a security base in Dadeldhura, another far western district of Nepal. He arrived the district headquarters four days ago but it seems there is no way for him to return to his village as the rebels have threatened him badly. “The Maoist militia have said that they will rob and burn down my house if I return alone. They have told me that they will also charge a heavy compensation if I don’t bring my son, who is serving in police force, along with me,” says the frightened father, who had started returning home though. But, meeting his neighbors arriving at the half of the way to his village, he dropped the idea of returning home; rather he came back to district headquarters along with others.

“Apart from pressurizing us to tell our loved one to leave the security services,” added Sanduk, “the rebels have told us to tell the government representatives in district headquarters to reciprocate their ceasefire and hold peace talks with them.” Meanwhile, the government is no mood to do so. Referring the previous ceasefires in the past, the government thinks that the rebels have declared ceasefire only to “re-organize and re-strengthen their force.” The Army continues to conduct operations against Maoists, and many Maoist cadres are reported to have been arrested from Kathmandu valley after the ceasefire, which was declared unilaterally by the rebels on September 3.

In villages, however, people face Maoists’ intimidation because of the lack of enough security. For instance, it is reflected in the request made by people from eleven VDCs in Talisodar area within Baitadi district. These VDCs are ready to contribute their development aid of rupees 5,500,000, which is released through District Development Committee (DDC), to establish a security base camp in their area. The villagers, according to the chief district officer, Badu, are also ready to contribute voluntary labor for a month if the government agrees to their proposal. “The villagers have requested both DDC and us to spend the VDCs’ development aid in establishing a security base for them. But, we can’t assure these people at our level as there is no immediate plan to expand security bases here,” added Badu.

According to him, the security forces based at district headquarters are regularly patrolling the villages but the problems exist due to the difficult terrain of the Himalayan Kingdom. Strength of troops, resources and time factor are three essentials for conducting any operation or combing the villages frequently. “We have increased our patrols and combing operations, but as and when we reach the particular village, the rebels flee from there. And immediately after our troops have returned they reportedly appear aggressive towards villagers,” says an Army officer at the RNA’s company headquarters in Baitadi.

This time the rebels have sent the kin of security personnel. Next time, they plan to send teachers; then students; then women, and then dalits (lower caste people in Nepal) with their appeal, demand or threat filled in banners, placards and letters to pressurize the government through local administration. “We hear that they (Maoists) are planning to send more people including teachers, students, women and dalits in different phases to district headquarters to fulfill their mission of pressurizing government to declare a ceasefire too,” said the Army officer, while the chief district officer queried, “Where are national and international human rights organizations when hundreds of people are being displaced in such a way?”